This collection contains both complete set of Jahangir's portrait and zodiacal sign mohurs with several varieties of each sign, have been displayed on website of since 2013, without any details of the coins owner, only a blank page attached with an email address for contact-us.

              By then, I face a lot of suspect questions about Mughal portrait and zodiacal sign mohurs; ..... not authentic coins ..... a copy of the genuine coins ..... electrotype duplicates from British Museum ..... only images on display, no such genuine coins ..... where from these images ..... the coins occupied by whome ..... who is the collector ?

              Ten years long on display with clear detail photographic images, to whome so ever suspect them may copy these images to compare and check with genuine specimens or images from other well-known collections to detect the detail of the obverse, reverse, and both the rims with the referable coins. If found that exactly the same physical size and shape, surely duplicated copy by casting or electrotype coin, otherwise they are another authentic coins survived as a miracle kept in private collection which never exposed to public before 2013.

              It is a preliminary detect with the naked eye for novice collectors from photographic images. For authentication; the coin should be confirmed by other tests checking the weight and specific gravity, microscopic evaluations to determine surface compositions and minting techniques, and X-ray Fluorescence Spectrography to test the purity and composition of all metals.

              Many gold coins of this collection are die-identical with the specimens in the collection of the American Numismatic Society, New York, U.S.A. British Museum, London, England. National Museum New Delhi, India. Bode Museum, Berlin, Germany as states in the descriptions of each coins.

              I am the third generation whose possess them, really don't know wherefrom. The previous owner used to said that, they were gathered long time ago, bought from Rawalpindi, Lahore and Kabul, only gupta gold coins from Rajasthan and Sindh. All of these coins have been used as Master models, impress on clay mold casting counterfeit gold coins ( The image and lettering on cast coins frequently lack clarity, surface are grainy or pitted, some may even have depressions caused by trapped gas bubbles. Cast coins have a slightly smaller diameter because of molten metal will shrink as it cools. The filing necessary to remove excess metal, sometimes file marks can be seen on the edge, ....... taken many years before partition of India and Pakistan in 1947.

              Some of those casting imitative zodiac mohur are showing below. (Heritage Auctions Europe, auction 70 25-29 May 2021.)

              The valuable coins, mostly put in slabs or protective-slabs in which coin are encased after they are graded. For me, I prefered two-pocket plastic flips, keep the coin in one pocket, a label in the second pocket identifying the coin, put all in a portable case that fit well in a safe deposit box at the bank.

              Today all originally Mughal Empire; figure mohurs of Akbar, portrait and zodiacal sign mohurs of Jahangir are extremely rare and desirable, very difficult finding an original, many are restrikes and counterfeits.

                  Mr. Sinsethakul P.
                         10 April 2023.

Address :   House number 3,
                  Moo 2, Wangdaeng village,
                  Mueng Gan Municipality,
                  Amphur Maetaeng,
                  Chiengmai Province,
                  Zip code: 50150
                  Country: Thailand.



Raven, E.M. (2014).
Messing Up the System: Gupta Gold Coin Forgeries.
South Asian Archaeology And Art, 283-295.

Retrived from

22. Shailendra Bhandare (Asmolean Museum Oxford) wrote me that 'most coins from this "Thai" source are dubious - they appear to be a melange of specimens that are made either from old electrotype replicas supplied by BM, or images available from the net, or some could be electrotypes themselves, or good imitations ! However, this can be verified only from physical re-verification.' (Mail message to Raven, 8.7.2013 ).


Heritage Auctions Europe.
Auction 70 25-29 May 2021.

Complete set of imitative zodiac gold mohurs.

Rearrange obverse and reverse images of Heritage Auctions Europe, auction 70, clockwise for easy detection.