MUGH-24 Click on image for enlargement.
Indian Coins, Mughal. Nuruddin Jahangir , 1605-1627 AD,
Gold Mohur (11.01 grams; 20.5 mm.), die-axis 1 o'clock.
Obverse: Bull (Taurus). Hump bull standing left surrounded by solar rays, within double
circles with pellet between.
The sign of taurus corresponds to the month in which this coin was issued.
Reverse: Persian legend, SIKKAH-I-AGRA DAD ZEENAT-I-ZAR AZ JAHANGIR SHAH AKBAR SHAH
The stamp of Agra gave decoration to money through Jahangir Shah, (son of) Akbar Shah,
AH year 1028, regnal year 14 , within double circles with pellet between.
The coin is die-identical with the specimens in the collection of the British Museum, London, England. (AN424349001). Bode museum, Berlin, Germany. (18248188).
This extremely rare type is genuine gold coin of the Imperial mints class A, seldom found outside museum collections.
Islam prohibits displaying the images or idols of human or animals. As soon as Shah Jahan
came to throne, he imposed a death penalty for the use of these coins as well as those having the portrait or animal signs
and ordered that they should be returned to the royal mint and melted. And for this reason, these coins are now
rarely seen in museums or private collections, these coins are extremely rare. It is important to distinguish
the early strucks which were official issues of the Mughal court, from the later imitations, which are private
strike made for purposes of bullion accumulations, or for the deception of collections.
Because of it tremendous popularity, it was extensively imitated, copy and restruck
ever since it was recalled from circulation. If one does not find the die similarity, one should treat
them with caution.
Categories of Zodiac Mohurs
Original strikes are very rare. Due to the great demand for the coins collector restrikes were issued occasionally over the centuries,
and are still scarce, although they are more often encounted than the originals. There are also many fabrications and imitations of variable
quality. Numismatists have devided the portrait and zodiac series Mohurs into four classes:
1. Class A: undisputed original strikes, characterized by deep relief, somewhat uneven flans, and rounded calligraphy.
2. Class B: possibly original strikes, but more likely minted in the first decade or two following Jahangir's death.
The relief is shallower, of a more uniform appearance, and the calligraphy is more square.
3. Class C: Mohurs of Class A or B that have had the zodiac type removed and re-engraved.
4. Class D: later imitations and forgeries.
Prices vary a lot: a Class D can sell for less than a hundredth (1%) of the price of Class A coin. The value of genuine issues has far
outstripped inflation and the value of other invesments such as gold.