MUGH-33 Click on image for enlargement.


Indian Coins, Mughal. Nuruddin Jahangir , 1605-1627 AD, Gold Mohur (11.16 grams; 20.8 mm.), die-axis 6 o'clock.

Obverse: Female (Virgo) . Winged maiden stand facing and holding by right hand a bucket on her head, which full of breads and many are falling, an ear of corn in her left hand in radiate circle, within double circles with pellet between. The sign of virgo corresponds to the month in which this coin was issued.

Reverse: Persian legend, YAFT DAR AGRA RUE ZAR ZEWAR AZ JAHANGIR SHAH AKBAR SHAH The face of money received beauty at Agra through Jahangir Shah, (son of) Akbar Shah, AH year 1030, regnal year 16 , within double circles with pellet between.

          The coin is die-identical with the specimen in the collection of the British Museum, London, England. (AN448602001)

          This extremely rare type is genuine gold coin of the Imperial mints class A, seldom found outside museum collections.

          Islam prohibits displaying the images or idols of human or animals. As soon as Shah Jahan came to throne, he imposed a death penalty for the use of these coins as well as those having the portrait or animal signs and ordered that they should be returned to the royal mint and melted. And for this reason, these coins are now rarely seen in museums or private collections, these coins are extremely rare. It is important to distinguish the early strucks which were official issues of the Mughal court, from the later imitations, which are private strike made for purposes of bullion accumulations, or for the deception of collections.

          Because of it tremendous popularity, it was extensively imitated, copy and restruck ever since it was recalled from circulation. If one does not find the die similarity, one should treat them with caution.

          Numismatists have devided the portrait and zodiac series mohurs into four classes:
Class A: undisputed original strikes, characterized by deep relief, somewhat uneven flans, and rounded calligraphy.
Class B: possibly original strikes, but more likely minted in the first decade or two following Jahangir's death. The relief is shallower, of a more uniform appearance, and the calligraphy is more square.
Class C: mohurs class A or B that have had the zodiac type remove and re-engraved.
Class D: later imitations and forgeries.