Set of 12 gold coins of Jahangir with sign of Zodiac.
Click on image for enlargement.
Today, only three museums in the world,
British Museum, London, England,
Bode Museum, Berlin, Germany,
Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris, France,
and one private collector,
Thai Private Hands, Thailand,
are known to have all the 12 zodiacal gold coins of Jahangir, Imperial mints.
These extremely rare type are genuine gold coins of the Imperial mints class A, seldom found outside museum collections.
Islam prohibits displaying the images or idols of human or animals. As soon as Shah Jahan
came to throne, he imposed a death penalty for the use of these coins as well as those having the portrait or animal signs
and ordered that they should be returned to the royal mint and melted. And for this reason, these coins are now
rarely seen in museums or private collections, these coins are extremely rare. It is important to distinguish
the early strucks which were official issues of the Mughal court, from the later imitations, which are private
strike made for purposes of bullion accumulations, or for the deception of collections.
Because of it tremendous popularity, it was extensively imitated, copy and restruck
ever since it was recalled from circulation. If one does not find the die similarity, one should treat
them with caution.
Numismatists have devided the portrait and zodiac series mohurs into four classes:
Class A: undisputed original strikes, characterized by deep relief, somewhat uneven flans, and rounded calligraphy.
Class B: possibly original strikes, but more likely minted in the first decade or two following Jahangir's death.
The relief is shallower, of a more uniform appearance, and the calligraphy is more square.
Class C: mohurs class A or B that have had the zodiac type remove and re-engraved.
Class D: later imitations and forgeries.